Why Web Components Might Be the Next Big Thing


What is Web Components?

Web components comprise a collection of web platform APIs enabling developers to craft reusable custom elements with encapsulated functionality.Unlike traditional frameworks, which often come with their syntax and conventions, web components are based on standard web technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This means that web components can be used in any web project, regardless of the underlying framework or library. Web Components are built upon four essential web standards that work together to create reusable UI components:

Custom Elements

These allow developers to define their own HTML tags for these custom components, extending the capabilities of standard HTML elements.

Shadow DOM

This powerful feature creates an encapsulated DOM tree for each component, isolating its styles and JavaScript from the rest of the application. This prevents conflicts and ensures that each element functions independently.

HTML Templates

Reusable HTML snippets can be defined and used within components. These templates act as blueprints for the component's structure, which can be dynamically populated with data.

HTML Imports

While no longer an official standard, HTML Imports were initially envisioned to import reusable components from external HTML files. This functionality is now achieved through various polyfills and alternative modules like JavaScript.

While all four of these technologies (or their modern alternatives) play a role, their combination unlocks the true power of Web Components. These standards represent a significant step forward for the web platform, promoting modularity, reusability, and a more robust development experience.

This blog will look into its components, specific features & needs in web development & many more. Before that, you may be wondering how it is different from other frameworks, let’s check

Differences of Elements

Web Component Vs. Traditional Frameworks

We’ve checked the potential of Web Components, but how do they stack up against the established powerhouses of web development—traditional frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js? The answer isn’t a simple “one vs. the other.” Instead, Web Components offers a complementary approach to enhance your development workflow.

Traditional Frameworks

Traditional frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js provide developers with a structured approach to building web applications. They often come with built-in features like state management, routing, and data binding, making it easier to get started with complex projects. However, these frameworks can also be opinionated and rigid, forcing developers to adhere to specific conventions and patterns.

However, frameworks also come with some drawbacks:

  • Vendor Lock-in: Once you choose a framework, you’re locked into its specific way of doing things. Switching frameworks later can be a significant undertaking.
  • Learning Curve: Each framework has its own syntax and best practices, requiring developers to invest time in learning them.
  • Performance Overhead: Frameworks can add extra weight to your application, potentially impacting performance for smaller projects.

Web Components

On the other hand, web components offer a more lightweight and flexible alternative to traditional frameworks. Because they are based on standard web technologies, web components can be used in any web project without introducing additional dependencies. This makes them particularly well-suited for projects where flexibility and interoperability are vital requirements. Additionally, web components promote a component-based architecture, where each element is self-contained and reusable, leading to more modular and maintainable codebases. However, some differences make it a good opponent of traditional web frameworks:
Four essential Web Components

Modular Design

Web Components are self-contained units with their own HTML structure, styles, and behavior. This promotes code reusability and simplifies maintenance.

Framework Agnostic

Web Components work with any JavaScript framework, like React, Angular, or even with plain JavaScript. This means you can choose the tools that suit your needs best.

Simpler Learning Curve

The core concepts behind Web Components are relatively easy to grasp, making them accessible to a wider range of developers.

Check the table below for a brief comparison between these two.

FeatureTraditional FrameworksWeb Components
FocusStructure, SpeedReusability, Modularity
Learning CurveSteeper (framework-specific)Easier (core concepts)
FlexibilityLimited (locked-in to framework)High (framework agnostic)
Code ReusabilityLower (framework-specific)Higher (reusable components)
MaintainabilityMore complex (framework updates)Simpler (isolated components)
PerformanceCan add overheadLighter weight
Vendor Lock-inYes (tied to framework)No (framework agnostic)
Benefits of Web Components

How is Web Component beneficial in modern web development?

As Alan W. Brown noted in his 2000 book, “Large-Scale, Component-Based Development,” component-based development offers a promising approach that can “reduce cycle time for software development, and improve the quality of delivered applications.” While componentization and modularization have been around for a while, often implemented within specific frameworks like jQuery plugins, AngularJS directives, or React.js components, there hasn’t been a standardized approach that works seamlessly across different technologies and platforms. This is where Web Components come in. Let’s explore how Web Components can significantly benefit modern web development:
Benefits of Web Component in Modern Web Development

Improved Code Reusability

Web Components promote code reuse across different projects and frameworks. This eliminates the need to rewrite the same functionality repeatedly, saving time and effort.

Enhanced Maintainability

Modular components isolate functionality, making it easier to identify, fix, and update specific parts of the codebase. This leads to cleaner and more maintainable applications.

Increased Efficiency

By leveraging reusable components, developers can focus on building unique features instead of reinventing the wheel. This improves development efficiency and reduces overall project resources.

Framework Agnosticism

Web Components are not tied to a specific framework. Developers can use them with vanilla JavaScript, React, Angular, or any other framework, offering greater flexibility in choosing the best tool for the job.

Potential Performance Gains

The lightweight nature of web components can contribute to faster loading times than heavier frameworks. This leads to a smoother user experience.

Standardized Approach

Web Components offer a standardized way to build reusable UI components. This encourages developers to work together and share their knowledge within the community.

While Web Component technology is still evolving, its potential benefits for modern web development are undeniable. Web Components could become a game-changer as the ecosystem improves, allowing developers to build more efficient, maintainable, and scalable web applications.

How DTechies can help?

How DTechies can help with Web Components?

If you’re interested in exploring web components further, plenty of resources are available to help you get started. The web components community is vibrant and active, with many tutorials, articles, and open-source projects. 

For those looking to incorporate web components into their website, DTechies, a premium Website development services provider, offers a range of resources and expertise. With a team of experienced web developers and a commitment to staying at the forefront of web technology, we can help you leverage the power of web components to build more modular, maintainable, and innovative web applications.

in the nutshell


As the demands of modern web development continue to evolve, developers are looking for new tools and approaches to help them build better, more maintainable web applications. Web components offer a promising solution to many challenges posed by traditional frameworks, providing a modular, reusable, and interoperable way to build web applications. While web components may not replace frameworks entirely, they certainly have the potential to become the next big thing in web development.

Ready to unlock the power of Web Components

Discuss your project requirements and learn how our team can help you leverage the power of Web Components.


Frequently Asked Questions

All major modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, and Opera, support Web Components. This widespread browser support makes them reliable for building web applications that work effectively across different platforms.

Web Components are framework-agnostic, meaning they can be used alongside conventional frameworks like React, Angular, or Vue.js. This allows you to leverage the strengths of both approaches. Frameworks can handle complex application logic and state management, while Web Components provide reusable and modular UI building blocks.

The core concepts behind Web Components are generally easier to grasp than those of full-fledged frameworks. This makes them a good entry point for developers new to building reusable UI components. However, mastering advanced Web Component features and techniques requires some learning investment.

Web Components offer several advantages over server-side templating engines. They are more dynamic and interactive, allowing for real-time updates within the browser without requiring full-page reloads. Additionally, Web Components encapsulate their styles and behavior, preventing conflicts with other application parts.

Roopesh jain


Roopesh Jain

As the Founder and CEO of DTechies, I have been leading a team of web developers and designers for over 12+ years, delivering innovative and user-friendly solutions for clients across various industries and domains. I have a strong background in computer engineering and a passion for exploring and applying the latest technologies, such as AI, ML, Generative AI, and LLM, to enhance the web development process and outcomes.

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